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学教育的大师观点123  

2016-02-25 22:23:22|  分类: 译员艺苑 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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学教育的大师观点123 - chenglinpld - chenglinpld 的博客学教育的大师观点123 - chenglinpld - chenglinpld 的博客关于数学教育的一些观点:
Some ideas about mathematical education: 
教学思想,认识与实践。
The teaching ideas, knowledge and practice. 

 
教学工作包含“教”与“学”两个方面。教师讲课不能光“教书”,必须针对授课
对象。了解学生的情况;例如,他们先修过那些课?学现在这门课的目的
是什么?对哪些内容有兴趣?下课后了解不同学生听课的效果,对备下一堂
课也很重要。[2]
Teaching includes two aspects of "teaching" and "learning". Teacher lectures can't light "teaching", must according to the teaching object. To understand the situation of the students; For example, they have taken the first class? What is the purpose of this course to learn now? Interested in what? Understand the effect of different students listening to lectures, after class to arrange another class is also very important. [2] 
教一门课,要先把这门课在数学中的位置弄清楚,特别是它与哪些数学分支有联系?是怎样联系的?然后决定取舍和重点。教数学不能仅仅满足于逻辑推理清楚,要讲思想,讲实质,要通过已知启发未知,透过典型的例子推测一般结论,要处理好抽象与具体的关系,理论与应用的关系。[2]
To teach a class, to get the position of this course in the mathematics is clear, in particular, it is associated with which branch of mathematics? How to contact? And then to choose and focus. Teach math not merely content with the clear, logical reasoning to thought, essence, inspired by known unknown, through typical examples that general conclusion, to handle the relationship between the abstract and concrete, theory and application. [2] 

 
大学是传授知识与创造知识的地方,我认为评价大学的教学水平应该包含基础课和专题课两个方面。对基础课,要强调给学生打好基础,因此对于基本概念和方法的讲解要花大功夫,要“少而精”,突出重点;对于最基本的内容要反复强调,要求学生牢牢掌握;对于基本技巧要反复练习,达到熟练。研究生专题课的目的则是把学生引向研究的前沿,教师要为学生铺平道路。因此选材特别重要。教师必须清晰地了解在浩如烟海的文献中,哪些是真正实质性的进展?哪些是新的生长点?有哪些未解决而有意义的问题?哪些方法还大有潜力?然后根据学生的基础,为他们搭好桥,做好铺垫。考虑到学生们今后的发展空间,选题不能过窄。[2]
University is the place of imparting knowledge and creating knowledge, I think the teaching level evaluation of university should include basic course and project class two aspects. For basic course, emphasize to students lay a solid foundation, so to explain basic concepts and methods to spend big kung fu, "fewer but better", highlight the key; For the most basic content must be emphasized, require students to firmly; For basic skills to practice, to skilled. Special graduate class of purpose is to study the cutting edge of the student, the teacher wants to pave the way for the students. So select material is particularly important. Teachers must understand clearly in the voluminous literature, which is really a substantial progress? What is the new growing point? What are the outstanding and meaningful questions? Which methods is of great potential? Then according to the students, the basis of building a bridge for them,. Considering the space for further development of the students, selected topic can not be too narrow. [2] 
好的数学成果一定是美的。数学庞大系统内部的统一与和谐使它更像一件优美精致、天工人代的艺术杰作。讲解这些成果犹如鉴赏艺术品,与大家共享其美。站在讲台上,当我看到台下一张张全神贯注、紧张思索的面孔时,我总会被感染得精神振奋、情绪激昂,有时还会并发出创造的火花。[2]
Good mathematical results must be beautiful. Large mathematical system internal unity and harmony to make it more like a graceful and delicate day workers generation masterpiece. Interpretation of these results is appreciating art, and share its beauty. Standing on the platform, when I saw the audience the concentration, tension thinking faces, I always have to infected spirits, the emotions, sometimes and create sparks. [2] 
学教育的大师观点123 - chenglinpld - chenglinpld 的博客

请猜猜来自哪位大师的教育思想观点?

您认同吗?学教育的大师观点123 - chenglinpld - chenglinpld 的博客
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程琳CHENGLIN2016年2月25日

学教育的大师观点123 - chenglinpld - chenglinpld 的博客
 










 

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